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导读: 2016山西阳泉中考招生网(共7篇)2016年阳泉中考报名时间及地点中国凤凰彩票app下载资讯 根据《2016年阳泉高中阶段教育学校招生考试报名工作通知》,2016年阳泉中考报名时间、地点、报名条件具体内容公布如下:  (一)报名时间和地点  1、报名时间:3月9日至3月11日  2、报名地点:考生均在户口所在县区报名。应届初中毕业生经...

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2016山西阳泉中考招生网(一)
2016年阳泉中考报名时间及地点

  中国凤凰彩票app下载资讯    根据《2016年阳泉高中阶段教育学校招生考试报名工作通知》,2016年阳泉中考报名时间、地点、报名条件具体内容公布如下:  (一)报名时间和地点  1、报名时间:3月9日至3月11日  2、报名地点:考生均在户口所在县区报名。应届初中毕业生经县区学籍管理部门审核后,由考生学籍所在学校集体办理报名手续;非应届初中毕业生一律到县区招生考试办公室报名。  本市户口在外地市借读的考生、不在户口所在县区读书的考生要参加升学考试,必须到户口所在县区招生考试办公室报名。  进城务工就业的农民子女、外来经商子女(外地、市),凭居住证和原户籍所在地证明到发证县区招生考试办公室报名。录取、收费与本地考生一视同仁。  (二)报名条件  1、遵守中华人民共和国宪法和法律;  2、初中毕业或具有同等学力;  3、身体健康;  4、综合素质评定合格。

2016山西阳泉中考招生网(二)
2016年阳泉中考录取分数线已公布

2016年阳泉市普通高中招生录取分数线

2016年阳泉中考录取分数线已公布

2016山西阳泉中考招生网(三)
【山西阳泉市】2016届普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(新课标全国卷Ⅰ)模拟理科综合试题

山西省阳泉市高三考试·2016年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试新课标I卷

理科综合测试

本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分,考试

时间150分钟,满分300分。 第Ⅰ卷

一.选择题:本题共13题,每小题6分。在每小题给出的四个选项中,只有一项是符合题目的要求的。

1.下列有关生物的共同特征的叙述,正确的是 ( )

A.酵母菌、乳酸菌都是细菌,且都能进行有丝分裂,遗传都遵循孟德尔遗传规律

B.酵母菌、乳酸菌、硝化细菌都不含叶绿素,且都是分解者,都能进行有氧呼吸

C.乳酸菌、硝化细菌、蓝藻都是原核生物,且都有细胞壁,体内含DNA和RNA两类核酸分子

D.乳酸菌、硝化细菌都是异养型生物,在电镜下可观察到核糖体附着在内质网上

2. 如下图,表示糖类的化学组成和种类,则相关叙述正确的是( )

A. ①、②、③依次代表单糖、二糖、多糖,它们均可继续水解

B. ①、②、③均属还原糖,在加热条件下与斐林试剂发生反应将产生砖红色沉淀

C. ④是植物细胞壁的主要成分,使用纤维素酶可将其破坏

D. ④、⑤分别为纤维素、肌糖元,二者均贮存能量,可作为贮能物质

3.下列与细胞分裂相关的叙述,正确的是

A. 二倍体生物体细胞有丝分裂过程中,染色体DNA与细胞质DNA平均分配

B. 人体细胞减数第一次分裂后期与减数第二次分裂后期细胞中都有两个染色体组

C. 蛙的红细胞在分裂时不出现纺锤丝,但有染色体出现

D. 生物前后代染色体数目的恒定都是通过有丝分裂实现的

4. 下图为人体细胞核内转录过程,相关说法正确的是( )

A.启动该过程必需的有机物①和胰岛素、生长激素一样与双缩脲试剂反应均呈紫色

B.⑤和ATP中所含有的五碳糖都是核糖

C.在合成人体该过程消耗的ATP时所需能量可由淀粉、蛋白质、脂肪氧化分解提供

D.核内形成的④需通过两层生物膜才能与细胞质中的核糖体结合

5. 右图表示某动物细胞合成的分泌蛋白运输到细胞外的过程示意图。下列叙述不正确的是( )

A.②、③膜的组成成分和结构相似

B.分泌蛋白的分泌借助膜的选择透过性来完成

C.此图所示各种膜中糖蛋白含量最高的可能是①

D.细胞内许多生化反应都是在生物膜内或膜表面进行的

6.下图表示一中间隔以半透膜(只允许水分子通过)的水槽,两侧分别加入等质量的葡萄糖溶液和麦芽糖溶液。然后在半透膜两侧加入等质量的麦芽糖酶,在加入麦芽糖酶前后A、B两侧液面的变化是( )

A.加酶前A侧上升,加酶后B侧上升并高于A侧高度

B.加酶前A侧上升,加酶后B侧上升并等于A侧高度

C.加酶前后A、B两侧液面不变

D.加酶前A、B两侧液面不变,加酶后B侧上升并高于A侧高度

7.有关化学资源的合成、利用与开发的叙述合理的是

A.大量使用化肥和农药,能不断提高农作物产量

B.开发利用可燃冰(固态甲烷水合物),有助于海洋生态环境的治理

C.通过有机合成,可以制造出比钢铁更强韧的新型材料

D.安装煤炭燃烧过程的“固硫”装置,主要是为了提高煤的利用率

8.短周期元素X、Y、Z、W、Q在元素周期表中的相对位置如图所示.下列说法正确的是

A.元素X与元素Z的最高正化合价之和的数值等于8

B.原子半径的大小顺序为:rX>rY>rZ>rW

C.离子Y2-和Z3+的核外电子数和电子层数都不相同

D.元素W的最高价氧化物对应的水化物的酸性比Q的强

9 .下列图示与对应的叙述相符的是

A.图I表示某吸热反应分别在有、无催化剂的情况下反应过程中的能量变化【2016山西阳泉中考招生网】

B.图Ⅱ表示常温下,0. 100 mol/L NaOH溶液滴定20. 00 mL、0.100 mol/L HC1溶液所得到的滴定曲线

C.图Ⅲ表示一定质量的冰醋酸加水稀释过程中,醋酸溶液电离程度:c<a<b

D.图Ⅳ表示反应,在其他条件不变的情况下改变起始物CO的物质的量,平衡时N2的体积分数变化情况,由图可知NO2的转化率c>b>a

10.可逆反应2A(g)+B(g) 2C(g),根据下表中的数据判断下列图象错误的是

11.室温下,甲、乙两烧杯均盛有5mlpH=3的某一元酸溶液,向乙烧杯中加水稀释至 pH=4,关于甲、乙两烧杯中溶液的描述正确的是

A.溶液的体积:V乙≤ 10V甲

B.若分别与5mlpH=11的NaOH溶液反应,所得溶液的pH:甲≤乙

C.若分别用等浓度的NaOH溶液完全中和,所得溶液的pH:甲≤乙

---D.水电离出的OH浓度:10c(OH)甲≤c(OH)乙

12.下列说法不正确的是 ...

A.的分子式为C17H24O3

B.结构为…—CH=CH—CH=CH—CH=CH—CH=CH—…的高分子化合物,其单体是乙炔

C.有机硅聚醚()可由单体和缩聚而成

D.等质量的甲醇、甲醛、甲醚完全燃烧时的耗氧量依次递增

13.还原沉淀法是处理含铬(含Cr2O72和CrO42)工业废水的常用方法,过程如下: --

--。已知转化过程中的反应为 。转化后所得溶液中铬元素的含量为28.6 g/L,CrO42有10/11转化为Cr2O72,下列说法不正确的是

A.溶液颜色保持不变,说明上述可逆反应达到平衡状态

B.若用绿矾作还原剂,处理1L废水,至少需要917.4 g

C.常温下转化反应的平衡常数K=l04,则转化后所得溶液的pH=1

D.常温下

1×105,要使处理后废水中的c(Cr3 )降至 +mol/L,应调溶液的pH=5

二.选择题:本题共8小题,每小题6分,在每小题给出的四个选项中,第14~18只有一项符合题目的要求,第19~21题有多项符合题目要求。全部选对的得6分,选对但不全的得3分,有选错的得0分。

14. 伽利略曾说过:“科学是在不断改变思维角度的探索中前进的”。他在著名的斜面实验中,让小球分别沿倾角不同、阻力很小的斜面从静止开始滚下,他通过实验观察和逻辑推理,得到的正确结论有( )

A. 倾角一定时,小球在斜面上的速度与时间的平方成正比

B. 倾角一定时,小球在斜面上的位移与时间的平方成正比

C. 斜面长度一定时,小球从顶端滚到底端时的速度与倾角无关

D. 斜面长度一定时,小球从顶端滚到底端所需的时间与倾角无关

15.如图所示,固定放置在同一水平面内的两根平行长直金属导轨的间距为d,其右端接有阻值为R的电阻,整个装置处在竖直向上的磁感应强度大小为B的匀强磁场中.一质量为m(质量分布均匀)的导体杆ab垂直于导轨放置,且与两导轨保持良好接触,杆与导轨之间的动摩擦因数为μ.当杆在水平向左、垂直于杆的恒力F作用下从静止开始沿导轨运动距离l时,速度恰好达到最大(运动过程中杆始终与导轨保持垂直).设杆接入电路的电阻为r,导轨电阻不计,重力加速度大小为g.则此过程( )

A.杆的速度最大值为 B.流过电阻R的电荷量为

C.恒力F做的功与摩擦力做的功之和等于杆动能的变化量

D.恒力F做的功与安培力做的功之和小于杆动能的变化量

16.以不同初速度将两个物体同时竖直向上抛出并开始计时.一个物体所受空气阻力可忽略,另一个物体所受空气阻力大小与物体速率成正比。下列用虚线和实线描述两物体运动的v—t图象是( )

17. 如图所示,三个相同的灯泡a、b、c和电阻不计的线圈L与内阻不计的电源连接,下列判断正确的是(

)

A.K闭合的瞬间,b、c两灯亮度不同

B.K闭合足够长时间以后,b、c两灯亮度相同

C.K断开的瞬间,a、c两灯立即熄灭

D.K断开之后,b灯突然闪亮以后再逐渐变暗

18.如图所示,河水流动的速度为v且处处相同,河宽度为a。在船下水点A的下游距离为b处是瀑布。为了使小船渡河安全(不掉到瀑布里去):

A.小船船头垂直河岸渡河时间最短,

速度最大,最大速度为vmaxav b

B.小船轨迹沿y轴方向渡河位移最小。速度最大,最

大速度为

C.小船沿轨迹AB运动位移最大、时间最长。速度最小,最小速度vmin

D.小船沿轨迹AB运动位移最大、速度最小。最小速度vminav bbv

ab22 19.如图所示,在真空中半径为r=0.1 m的圆形区域内有垂直于纸面向外的匀强磁场及水平向左的匀强电场,磁感应强度B=0.01 T,ab和cd是两条相互垂直的直径,一束带正电的粒子流连续不断地以速度v=1×103 m/s从c点沿cd方向射入场区,粒子将沿cd方向做直线运动,如果仅撤去磁场,带电粒子经过a点,如果撤去电场,使磁感应强度变为原来的,不计粒子重力,下列说法正确的是:

A.电场强度的大小为10 N/C

B.带电粒子的比荷为1×106 C/kg

C.撤去电场后,带电粒子在磁场中运动的半径为0.1 m

-D.带电粒子在磁场中运动的时间为7.85×105 s

20.在电场强度大小为E的匀强电场中,将一个质量为m、电荷量为q的带电小球由静止开始释放,带电小球沿与竖直方向成θ角的方向做直线运动. 关于带电小球的电势能ε

和机械能

W的判断,不正确的是:

qEA.若sinθ<ε一定减少,W一定增加 mg

2016山西阳泉中考招生网(四)
山西省阳泉市2016中考英语二轮精编 阅读理解3

阅读理解

基础部分

(来自2016中考英语模拟)阅读下面短文或图表,并选择正确答案。

Is there someone you hate? Well, maybe you don’t really hate them. But you get really angry every time you think of them. If you don’t let this anger go, it can turn into bitterness (痛苦).

Bitterness appears when we can’t forgive (原谅) someone who has hurt us or made us angry. Someone might say or do something that hurts us. But instead of controlling the anger, we keep it deep inside. Before long, a bitter feeling begins to grow. We may think we’re hurting that person by criticizing (指责) him or her often, but we’re really only hurting ourselves.

Bitterness can not only lead to serious health problems such as heart disease, but also hurt our relationships with friends and family members. No one enjoys being around an angry person for very long.

If you see bitterness in your life, here are some ways to deal with it.

Accept it Instead of trying to deny your anger, make it clear to yourself and accept it. See your anger for what it is and quickly deal with it.

Stop making excuses for it

You may feel you have a right to be angry. You may think you’re right and the other person is wrong. You may even secretly enjoy making the other person look bad. But in the end, bitterness hurts you much more than the other person. The bitterness will hold you back, and the other person will go on with his or her life. Forgive and forget it

You probably can’t completely put the anger out of your mind. But you can decide to forgive the other person. Forget it and move on. You’ll enjoy better health and peace of mind.

51. According to the passage, we might get angry when someone __________.

A. holds us back B. forgets us C. doesn’t like us D. does hurt us

52. Bitterness comes from ____.

A. our health problems like heart disease

B. the anger that lives deep inside our mind

C. the person who says something that hurts us

D. our relationships with friends and family members

53. The underlined word “deny” in the passage means “__________”.

A. 误解B. 否认 C. 疏远D. 减轻

54. The best way to deal with the bitterness is to __________.

A. make the person who hurts us look bad

B. hate the person who hurts us very often

C. accept that you are hurting the other person

D . forgive the person who hurts us and forget it

55. What can we learn from the passage?

A. We should enjoy someone who hurts us.

B. We should pay more attention to our friends.

C. The peace of mind is more important than the hurt itself.

D. It’s better to let bitterness go along with the other person.

参考答案51-55DBBDC

巩固部分

(来自2016中考模拟训练)

阅读下列短文,从每小题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

When people think of water buffaloes, they often imagine wild and dangerous

animals. But unless they are hurt or angered, water buffaloes are probably

the gentlest farm animals in the world. Though they look scary, they are

much like household pets. Unlike cattle(黄牛), they are quiet and have

a natural fondness for humans.

Water buffaloes are so patient and gentle that there is no need to control them during milking. Because of the animal’s calm nature, water buffaloes almost never have their horns(角) taken off. However, most cattle which are raised for their milk will have their horns taken off, when they are young. It will prevent them from hurting one another when they grow up.

Another common wrong idea is that water buffaloes can be raised only near water. Though they love to roll in muddy water, water buffaloes usually live and have babies in situations where there

is not enough water to do this. However, several researchers report that water buffaloes who roll in muddy water do not need to be treated with insecticides(杀虫剂) because the mud (烂泥) coating that forms on their skin protects them from insects and parasites(寄生虫).

Another untrue belief about water buffaloes is that they can live only in tropical (热带的)areas. Actually, buffaloes are able to live in a wide range of climates. Although they are most common in the tropics, water buffaloes were used to pull snowplows(雪犁) in parts of Europe many years ago.

34. Why are water buffaloes’ horns not taken off ?

A. They don’t use their horns to attack.

B. They can’t have babies without the horns.

C. Taking the horns off is dangerous to humans.

D. Taking their horns off can kill the buffaloes.

35. The writer seems to think that most cattle_______.

A. don’t give milk B. are not gentle

C. make good pets D. like people

36. According to the passage, how can rolling in muddy water help water buffaloes?

A. It protects them from parasites. B. It washes insecticides off them.

C. It helps them have more babies. D. It keeps them cool in hot weather.

37. Which of the following statements best expresses the main idea of this passage?

A. People used to keep water buffaloes as household pets.

B. Many people have incorrect ideas about water buffaloes.

C. Water buffaloes used to be common around the world.

D. Water buffaloes and cattle have many similarities.

参考答案34-37 ABAB

(来自2016中考模拟训练)

阅读下列短文,从每小题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

THIS year the US Mint will honor one of the country’s most famous writers.

“Mark Twain”, the pen name of Samuel Clemens(1835-1911) is loved by American readers for his

novels Tom Sawyer(1876) and The Adventures of Huckberry Finn(1844).

Now he is going to have his life and work commemorated(纪念) with special gold and silver coins. But does Twain need to be commemorated? It doesn’t seem like people in the US will forget him. Twain once joked that a lack(缺少)of money is the root of all evil(邪恶)” but a lack of money with Twain’s famous face on it wouldn’t have made people forget about him.

The Adventures of Huckberry Finn is thought to be his greatest works.

Motherless Huck Finn is a young boy who shows the spirit of freedom. But it could be said that Huck’s freedom really comes from Huck wanting to fly. When Huck gets away from his violent(暴力的) father, he isn’t really looking for freedom, but survival.

It’s even more of a problem for a slave. Jim, the escaped(逃跑的) slave who Huck helps, makes Huck’s life seem even better. It’s easier not to be able to deal with someone who wants to force you to go to school than to have to fight a law that says you are a piece of property(财产). Huck and Jim’s friendship, as shown by Mark Twain, is one of the great stories in American literature because it shows a white character, Huck, who gets an idea of the African American experience. Mark Twain is famous and would still be famous without any special coins. Anyway, the coins could be a reason to look again at the work of a writer who got under the skin of the US in the 19th century.

With the race issue(种族问题) far from dead in the US today, perhaps Twain still has something to teach today’s readers.

38. Why is The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn considered Twain’s greatest works?

A. It talks about how a black slave runs away from his violent owner.

B. It describes an everlasting friendship between people of different races.

C. It describes the social problem that a lack of money is the root of all evil.

D. It talks about a white American understanding the African American experience.

39. According to the passage, which statement is Wrong?

A. Huck gets away from his father for survival.

B. Jim escapes from his slave owner for freedom. C. Twain dug deeply into American society of his times.

D. Without the special coins, he’ll probably be forgotten.

40. The underlined phrase “far from dead” probably means _______.

A. still being there. B. Becoming more serious.

C. Being in danger. D. Gone for a long time.

41. What’s the main purpose of the article?

A. To tell the story of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.

B. To tell readers about the special coins created to honor Mark Twain.

C. To explore why the US still remembers and honors Mark Twain.

D. To draw readers’ attention to the many race issues in the US today.

参考答案38-41 DDAC

【2016山西阳泉中考招生网】

验收部分

【2016中考模拟】阅读下列材料,从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳的答案。

【根据名校试题汇编改编】 Health experts have long noted the importance of physical activity. Exercise improves not only your appearance but also your health. Exercise helps to reduce the risk of some diseases, including heart disease,stroke,type-two diabetes,osteoporosis and even some kinds of cancers.

America’s Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. About 600,000 Americans die of heart disease every year. High blood pressure and high cholesterol(胆固醇)levels in blood can increase your risk of heart disease. Medical experts say both can be reduced through normal exercise.

Physical activity is also known to increase the release of endorphins(内啡肽).These chemicals reduce feelings of pain. They also help people feel happier and more peaceful. There is a debate about exactly what causes the brain to release endorphins. Some experts believe it is the act of exercise itself. Others say it is the feeling one gets from having met an exercise goal. Either way,the two things work together when it comes to improving one’s emotional health.

Exercise improves your energy levels by increasing the flow of blood to the heart and blood vessels. One of the main reasons why people exercise is to control or reduce their weight. Physical activity burns calories--the energy stored in food. The more calories you burn, the easier it is to control or reduce your weight.

So exactly how much exercise do you need to do to gain all of these great health effects? Experts say it is easier than you think. In 2008, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released its first ever Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. The report included suggestions for young

2016山西阳泉中考招生网(五)
山西省阳泉市2016中考英语二轮精编 阅读理解5

阅读理解

Part 1

(来自2016中考英语模拟)阅读下面短文或图表,并选择正确答案。

Singapore: A Fine City

Singapore welcomes tourists. When you come to visit Singapore, please keep the laws of this country. Here are some points that you must remember.

SMOKING: Cigarette smoking is a danger to health. It is not allowed in lifts, cinemas, theaters, all government offices and on buses. If you break it, you have to pay fines of up to $ 1,000. LITTER: Singapore is the Garden City of Asia---clean and green. Dropping litter in public places is not allowed. You can be fined up to $ 500 for dropping litter ---even if it only a piece of waste paper or a cigarette end.

EATING OR DRINKING: In Singapore, when you take a subway or a bus, you are not supposed to eat or drink anything, or you'll be fined up to $ 500.

RIDING: When you ride a bike across an underpass, please push your bike across the underpass, or you have to pay $ 1,000 for riding your bike.

JAYWALKING*: You must always use the pedestrian crossing. You can be fined $ 50 for crossing the street less than 50 meters from a crossing. These laws are also for children who are old enough to be in the street on their own.

26、When you come to visit Singapore,you should remember to ___________.

A.go shopping B.keep the law of this country

C.go sightseeing D.visit some fantastic sights

27、Singapore is a city with _________ according to the passage.

【2016山西阳泉中考招生网】

A.cigarettes B.green plants C.litter D.bikes

28、What will happen if you drop a piece of waste paper in Singapore?

A.You have to pick it up. B.You have to sweep the street.

C.You will be fined up to$500 D.You will be told not to do it again.【2016山西阳泉中考招生网】

参考答案26—28、B B C

(来自2016中考英语模拟)阅读下面短文或图表,并选择正确答案。

Here are five points you can follow to improve your English, and the first point is the most important.

( )9.According to the writer, an English learner should study every week to make good progress.

A. about two hours

B. at least four hours C. at least five hours D. more than seven hours

( )10.Which of the following activities is NOT mentioned (提到)?

A. Reading English books. B. Singing English songs.

C. Watching English films. D. Writing e-mails in English.

参考答案9—10、CD

Part 2

(来自2016中考模拟训练)

阅读下列短文,从每小题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

Holmes said, “Somebody sent a letter with five pips (桔核) in it from India, and arrived seven weeks later to kill John’s uncle. Then they sent five pips from Scotland and arrived three days later to kill John’s father. Now they have sent five pips to John from London!”

“The letters are all from sea ports (海港). The writer was on a ship when he wrote the letters,” I replied.

“Very good, Watson! And John’s enemy is in London already!”

“Well, I hope they won’t kill young John,” I said.

But they did. The next morning, we read in the newspaper that a policeman found him die near Waterloo Station. Holmes was very angry about it.

“He came to me for help and those men murdered him! I’m going to find them, if it’s the last thing I do!” he said to me, and he hurried out of the house.

At night, when he came back, he was tired, but pleased, he said, “I know the names of John’s enemies! And now I’m going to send them a surprise! This will frighten them!” He took five pips

“I’m sending the pips to captain James Calhoun. His ship is called the Star. He and his men are sailing back to Georgia, USA.”

“How did you find him, Holmes?” I asked.

“Ship’s papers,” he said, “I’ve looked at hundreds of them today. Only one ship, the Star, was in the three ports at the right times, and this morning the Star left London to sail back to Georgia. I found out that the captain and two of his men, all Americans, weren’t on the ship last night, so I’m sure they killed John. When they arrive in America, they’ll get the pips and then the police will catch them!” 31. The Star left London for ________.

A. Canada B. Australia C. India D. America

32. Who do you think the underlined letters “J. C.” stand for?

A. James Calhoun B. James Columbus C. John Calhoun D. John Columbus

33. Which order is correct according to the story?

① Holmes sent five pips to J. C. help.

③ John was killed. ④ John received a letter with five pips.

A. ③①④②

④①③② D. ④②③①

参考答案31—33、DAD

(来自2016中考模拟训练)

阅读下列短文,从每小题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个最佳选项。 Most people around the world are right-handed. This also seems to be true in history. In 1799, scientists studied works of art made at different times from 1,500 B.C. to the 1950s. Most of the people shown in these works are right-handed, so the scientists guessed that right-handedness has always been common through history. Today, only about 10% to 15% of the world’s population is left-handed. Why are there more right-handed people than left-handed ones? Scientists now know that a person’s two hands each have their own jobs. For most people, the hand is used to find things or hold things. The right hand is used to work with things. This is because of the different work of the two sides of the brain. The right side of the brain, which makes a person’s hands and eyes work together, controls the left hand. The left-side of the brain, which controls the right hand, is the centre for thinking and doing problems. These findings show that more artists should be left-handed, and studies have found that left-handedness is twice as common among artists as among people in other jobs.

No one really knows what makes a person become right-handed instead of left-handed. Scientists

B. ③④①② C. ② John came to Holmes for

when they are born. However, this doesn’t happen to everyone, so scientists guess there must be another reason why people become left-handed. One idea is that people usually get right-handed from their parents. If a person does not receive the gene(基因) for right-handedness, he/ she may become either right-handed or left-handed according to the chance and the people they work or live with.

Though right-handedness is more common than left-handedness, people no longer think left-handed people are strange or unusual. A long time ago, left-handed children were made to use their right hands like other children, but today they don’t have to.

34. How many people in the world are left-handed now?

A. Less than one sixth.

C. About 40%. B. More than a half. D. The passage doesn’t tell us.

passage?

A. knocked B. changed C. broke D. harmed

36. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true?

A. No one really knows what makes a person become right-handed.

B. Left-handedness is cleverer than right-handedness.

C. Today children are not made to use their right hands only.

D. Scientists think there must be some reason why people become left-handed.

37. The best title for this passage is _______.

A. Scientists’ New Inventions

C. Which Hand

参考答案34—37、ADBC

Part 2

【2016中考模拟】阅读下列材料,从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳的答案。

UK parents hope their kids can grow into successful people so they make their kids learn all kinds of subjects after school. Though some kids are very young, they still take part in a lot of after-class activities.

In UK, 20% of parents spend yearly 600 pounds on different classes for their kids. For example, B. Left-handed People D. Different Brains, Different Hands

2016山西阳泉中考招生网(六)
山西省阳泉市2016中考英语二轮精编 阅读理解2

阅读理解

第一部分

(来自2016中考英语模拟)阅读下面短文或图表,并选择正确答案。

The air pollution was so bad in Harbin, in

China, on October 21,2014 that the city had to

close roads and schools, and cancel* hundreds of

flights from its airport.News reports said the

smog (a mixture of smoke and fog) was so thick

that people couldn’t see more than 10 or 20 metres

in front of them.

It is also said that people could not even see the person standing next to them. The city’s website said: “You can’t see your own fingers in front of you.”

The local people said there was a “burning” smell in the air. Many people covered their noses and mouths with scarves or masks*.

The pollution was caused on several factors* including: farmers burning off old corn stalks* and crop stubble*; coal*-fired heating systems; and low winds that allowed the smoke to remain over the city.

The smog had been building up for several days. It became worse when the city turned on the public heating system, which uses coal to heat millions of homes and offices in the city.

Harbin has a population of more than 10 million people. It lies in northeastern China, where cold winter weather can last up to six months. The main fuel* there is coal, because it is cheaper than other types of fuel.

Air pollution from burning coal can cause health problems like heart disease. During the smog crisis* in Harbin, the number of people taken to the hospital with breathing problems was 30% higher than usual.

The city government is trying to reduce its use of coal by adding more insulation* and better roofs and windows to buildings to reduce heating needs. It has also used cleaner fuel for cars and factories.

( ) 33.The roads and schools in Harbin had to be closed on October 21, 2014 because of ____

A. the heavy rain B. the strong wind

C. the serious smog D. the terrible snow

( ) 34.There are many reasons for the air pollution EXCEPT_________.

A. farmers burn off old corn stalks and crop stubble

B. people use coal to heat millions of homes and offices

C. The smoke remains over the city because of low winds

D. Many buses and cars use cleaner fuel and so do factories.

( ) 35. What is the government trying to do when the air pollution get worse?

A. To offer cars new fuel. B. To give people more masks.

C. To reduce its use of coal.

D. To ask people to stay at home.

( ) 36.What does the passage mainly tell us?

A. The serious air pollution in China B. Coal-fired heating systems

C. The population crisis in Harbin

D. The reasons for heart disease

参考答案33-36 CDCA

(来自2016中考英语模拟)阅读下面短文或图表,并选择正确答案。

When you are packing for an adventure,what is the most important thing you will need? If you don’t want to get lost,you’ll need a map! Or better a GPS. What about other animals,how do they know where they’re going?

While humans depend on technology to travel, some animals have something far more advanced. Researchers,mainly from Oregon State University, US, found that Chinook salmon(鲑鱼) have a “built-in GPS” of the Earth’s magnetic field(磁场). This means as soon as they are born they are able to direct themselves in the ocean. It acts like a big map inside their brain. Scientists placed some baby salmon into a big swimming pool. To simulate the Earth’s magnetic

field, they put magnetic coils(线圈) all around the pool. Then, by changing the direction of the coils, the salmon began to change their own direction. They started to face in the direction of their ocean feeding area. This is a safe place in the ocean where salmon can find food to eat. When the scientists changed the coils to the opposite side, the salmon also turned in the opposite direction. Just by using their “built -in GPS”, the salmon were able to find out the direction of their feeding area.

How did Chinook salmon get their “built-in GPS”? The scientistes think that their navigation (导航)skills came through evolution(进化). The fish that were able to reach the feeding area lived longer. Then they could pass on their navigation skills to their babies. So if you are ever lost and in need of some help, maybe you should ask a salmon to point you in the right direction.

( ) 37. The passage mainly talks about ____.

A. the wide use of the GPS

B. the evolution of the Chinook salmon

C. the research of ocean life

D. Chinook salmon and their built-in GPS

( ) 38. According to paragraph 2,Chinook salmon_____.

A. have their own magnetic field

B. learn directions from their mother

C. can find directions in the ocean

D. have the same navigation skills as humans

( ) 39.The underlined word “simulate ” in paragraph 3 probably means ___.

A 模拟 B 学习 C 利用 D 改变

( ) 40. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?

A. Chinook salmon has more advanced ways to travel.

B. Chinook salmon can find out the direction by using their own “GPS”.

C. Chinook salmon get their “GPS” from their parents.

D. Scientists put a “GPS”into the fish’s body to help find its direction.

参考答案37-40 DCAD

第二部分

(来自2016中考模拟训练)

阅读下列短文,从每小题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

After watching my mother deal with our family of five, I

understand why her answer to the question, “What do you do?”,

“Oh, I’m just a housewife.” JUST a housewife? Anyone who can’t is always, spends most of her time in preparing meals, washing and drying clothes, keeping the house clean, playing the part of a taxi driver to us kids when it’s time for school, music lessons or the dentist, doing volunteer work for her favorite charity, and making sure that all our family needs are met is not JUST a housewife. She’ s the real Wonder Woman. Why is it that so many mothers like mine think of themselves as second-class or something similar? Where has this notion(观念) come from? Have we males(男性) made them feel this way? Has our society made “going to work” outside the home seem more important than what a housewife must face each day?

I would be very curious(好奇的) to see what would happen if a housewife stopped working. Dishes would pile up. Food in the house would run out. No meals would appear on the table. There would be no clean clothes when needed. The house would be filled with rubbish. Walking and bus riding would increase. Charities would be in great need of help. I doubt if the man of the house would be able to take over(接手). Oh, he might think that he can do just as good a job, but how long would that last? Not long, once he had to come home each night after work to more household duties. There would be no more coming home to a prepared meal; he’d have to fix it himself. The kids would all be crying for something to eat, clean clothes and more bus fare money. Once he made the kids quiet, he’d have to clean the house, go shopping, make sure that kids got a bath, and fix lunches for the next day. Once the kids were down for the night, he might be able to crawl(爬行) into an unmade bed and try to read the morning newspaper.

No, I don’t think many males are going to volunteer for the job. I know I don’t want it. So, thanks, mom! I’ll do what I can to create a national holiday for housewives. It might be called Wonder Woman Day.【2016山西阳泉中考招生网】

81. How do the children in the writer’s family go to school?

A. They walk or take a taxi. C. They take the school bus. B. Their father sends them to school. D. Their mother drives them to school.

82. If a housewife stopped working, which of the following would not happen?

A. There would be no clean clothes to wear. B. No meals would appear on the table.

C. All the family members would be relaxed. D. The house would be a terrible mess.

83. The writer thinks that housewives’ work is ___________. A. strange B. important C. interesting D. dangerous

84. In the writer’s opinion, ___________. A. a national holiday should be set up for housewives

B. there will be many males volunteering for housewives’ work

C. the man of the house would be able to take over the housewife’s work

D. housewives don’t regard themselves as second-class or something similar 85. The main idea of the passage is about ___________.

A. housewives stopping their work B. housewives, the wonder women

C. men taking the place of women D. a national holiday for housewives

参考答案81. D

(来自2016中考模拟训练)

阅读下列短文,从每小题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

There’s always something deep in our soul that never dies. I moved to the small, busy town of Edison in New Jersey six years ago. It was during the second term of my fifth grade. My parents got new jobs and higher income, so they decided it was time to move from Woodbridge to a better, more educational town.

In the US, it is unnecessary to take a test to get into a “good” middle or high school. You just attend the school close to where you live. So, many parents will think about the quality (质量,品质) of the local school when they decide to buy a new house. My parents did the same. We finally chose Edison mainly because of the high quality of its school. In New Jersey, an area with a good school usually means a concentration of Asian people. There are about 300 students in our school. 55% are Asians and just under half of that are Chinese. There are so many Chinese people nearby that we even have our own Chinese school.

Edison is an old town, just like thousands of others in the United States. However, I have treated it as my hometown. That’s where I spend much of my youth, and the memories there can’t be moved 82. C 83. B 84. A 85. B

2016山西阳泉中考招生网(七)
山西省阳泉市2016届高三全国高校招生模拟考试理科综合试题(含答案)

山西省阳泉市高三考试·2016年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试新课标I卷

理科综合测试

本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分,考试

时间150分钟,满分300分。 第Ⅰ卷

一.选择题:本题共13题,每小题6分。在每小题给出的四个选项中,只有一项是符合题目的要求的。 1.下列有关生物的共同特征的叙述,正确的是 ( )

A.酵母菌、乳酸菌都是细菌,且都能进行有丝分裂,遗传都遵循孟德尔遗传规律

B.酵母菌、乳酸菌、硝化细菌都不含叶绿素,且都是分解者,都能进行有氧呼吸

C.乳酸菌、硝化细菌、蓝藻都是原核生物,且都有细胞壁,体内含DNA和RNA两类核酸分子

D.乳酸菌、硝化细菌都是异养型生物,在电镜下可观察到核糖体附着在内质网上

2. 如下图,表示糖类的化学组成和种类,则相关叙述正确的是( )

A. ①、②、③依次代表单糖、二糖、多糖,它们均可继续水解

B. ①、②、③均属还原糖,在加热条件下与斐林试剂发生反应将产生砖红色沉淀

C. ④是植物细胞壁的主要成分,使用纤维素酶可将其破坏

D. ④、⑤分别为纤维素、肌糖元,二者均贮存能量,可作为贮能物质

3.下列与细胞分裂相关的叙述,正确的是

A. 二倍体生物体细胞有丝分裂过程中,染色体DNA与细胞质DNA平均分配

B. 人体细胞减数第一次分裂后期与减数第二次分裂后期细胞中都有两个染色体组

C. 蛙的红细胞在分裂时不出现纺锤丝,但有染色体出现

D. 生物前后代染色体数目的恒定都是通过有丝分裂实现的

4. 下图为人体细胞核内转录过程,相关说法正确的是( )

A.启动该过程必需的有机物①和胰岛素、生长激素一样与双缩脲试剂反应均呈紫色

B.⑤和ATP中所含有的五碳糖都是核糖

C.在合成人体该过程消耗的ATP时所需能量可由淀粉、蛋白质、脂肪氧化分解提供

D.核内形成的④需通过两层生物膜才能与细胞质中的核糖体结合

5. 右图表示某动物细胞合成的分泌蛋白运输到细胞外的过程示意图。下列叙述不正确的是( )

A.②、③膜的组成成分和结构相似

B.分泌蛋白的分泌借助膜的选择透过性来完成

【2016山西阳泉中考招生网】

C.此图所示各种膜中糖蛋白含量最高的可能是①

D.细胞内许多生化反应都是在生物膜内或膜表面进行的

6.下图表示一中间隔以半透膜(只允许水分子通过)的水槽,两侧分别加入等质量的葡萄糖溶液和

麦芽糖溶液。然后在半透膜两侧加入等质量的麦芽糖酶,在加入麦芽糖酶前后A、B两侧液面的变化是( )

A.加酶前A侧上升,加酶后B侧上升并高于A侧高度

B.加酶前A侧上升,加酶后B侧上升并等于A侧高度

C.加酶前后A、B两侧液面不变

D.加酶前A、B两侧液面不变,加酶后B侧上升并高于A侧高度

7.有关化学资源的合成、利用与开发的叙述合理的是

A.大量使用化肥和农药,能不断提高农作物产量

B.开发利用可燃冰(固态甲烷水合物),有助于海洋生态环境的治理

C.通过有机合成,可以制造出比钢铁更强韧的新型材料

D.安装煤炭燃烧过程的“固硫”装置,主要是为了提高煤的利用率

8.短周期元素X、Y、Z、W、Q在元素周期表中的相对位置如图所示.下列说法正确的是

A.元素X与元素Z的最高正化合价之和的数值等于8

B.原子半径的大小顺序为:rX>rY>rZ>rW

C.离子Y2-和Z3+的核外电子数和电子层数都不相同

D.元素W的最高价氧化物对应的水化物的酸性比Q的强

9 .下列图示与对应的叙述相符的是

A.图I表示某吸热反应分别在有、无催化剂的情况下反应过程中的能量变化

B.图Ⅱ表示常温下,0. 100 mol/L NaOH溶液滴定20. 00 mL、0.100 mol/L HC1溶液所得到的滴

定曲线

C.图Ⅲ表示一定质量的冰醋酸加水稀释过程中,醋酸溶液电离程度:c<a<b

D.图Ⅳ表示反应,在其他条件不变的情况下改变起始物CO的物质的量,平衡时N2的体积分数变化情况,由图可知NO2的转化率c>b>a

10.可逆反应2A(g)+B(g) 2C(g),根据下表中的数据判断下列图象错误的是

11.室温下,甲、乙两烧杯均盛有5mlpH=3的某一元酸溶液,向乙烧杯中加水稀释至

pH=4,关于甲、乙两烧杯中溶液的描述正确的是

A.溶液的体积:V乙≤ 10V甲

B.若分别与5mlpH=11的NaOH溶液反应,所得溶液的pH:甲≤乙

C.若分别用等浓度的NaOH溶液完全中和,所得溶液的pH:甲≤乙

---D.水电离出的OH浓度:10c(OH)甲≤c(OH)乙

12.下列说法不正确的是 ...

A.的分子式为C17H24O3

B.结构为…—CH=CH—CH=CH—CH=CH—CH=CH—…的高分子化合物,其单体是乙炔

C.有机硅聚醚()可由单体和缩聚而成

D.等质量的甲醇、甲醛、甲醚完全燃烧时的耗氧量依次递增

--13.还原沉淀法是处理含铬(含Cr2O72和CrO42)工业废水的常用方法,过程如下:

--。已知转化过程中的反应为 。转化后所得溶液中铬元素的含量为28.6 g/L,CrO42有10/11转化为Cr2O72,下列说法不正确的是

A.溶液颜色保持不变,说明上述可逆反应达到平衡状态

B.若用绿矾作还原剂,处理1L废水,至少需要917.4 g

C.常温下转化反应的平衡常数K=l04,则转化后所得溶液的pH=1

D.常温下

1×105,要使处理后废水中的c(Cr3 )降至 +mol/L,应调溶液的pH=5

二.选择题:本题共8小题,每小题6分,在每小题给出的四个选项中,第14~18只有一项符合题目的要求,第19~21题有多项符合题目要求。全部选对的得6分,选对但不全的得3分,有选错的得0分。

14. 伽利略曾说过:“科学是在不断改变思维角度的探索中前进的”。他在著名的斜面实验中,让小球分别沿倾角不同、阻力很小的斜面从静止开始滚下,他通过实验观察和逻辑推理,得到的正确结论有 ( )

A. 倾角一定时,小球在斜面上的速度与时间的平方成正比

B. 倾角一定时,小球在斜面上的位移与时间的平方成正比

C. 斜面长度一定时,小球从顶端滚到底端时的速度与倾角无关

D. 斜面长度一定时,小球从顶端滚到底端所需的时间与倾角无关

15.如图所示,固定放置在同一水平面内的两根平行长直金属导轨的间距为d,其右端接有阻值为R的电阻,整个装置处在竖直向上的磁感应强度大小为B的匀强磁场中.一质量为m(质量分布均匀)的导体杆ab垂直于导轨放置,且与两导轨保持良好接触,杆与导轨之间的动摩擦因数为μ.当杆在水平向左、垂直于杆的恒力F作用下从静止开始沿导轨运动距离l时,速度恰好达到最大(运动过程中杆始终与导轨保持垂直).设杆接入电路的电阻为r,导轨电阻不计,重力加速度大小为g.则此过程

( )

A.杆的速度最大值为 B.流过电阻R的电荷量为

C.恒力F做的功与摩擦力做的功之和等于杆动能的变化量

D.恒力F做的功与安培力做的功之和小于杆动能的变化量

16

.以不同初速度将两个物体同时竖直向上抛出并开始计时.一个物体所受空气阻力可忽略,另一

个物体所受空气阻力大小与物体速率成正比。下列用虚线和实线描述两物体运动的v—t图象是( )

17. 如图所示,三个相同的灯泡a、b、c和电阻不计的线圈L与内阻不计的电源连接,下列判断正确的是(

)

A.K闭合的瞬间,b、c两灯亮度不同

B.K闭合足够长时间以后,b、c两灯亮度相同

C.K断开的瞬间,a、c两灯立即熄灭

D.K断开之后,b灯突然闪亮以后再逐渐变暗

18.如图所示,河水流动的速度为v且处处相同,河宽度为a。在船下水点A的下游距离为b处是瀑布。为了使小船渡河安全(不掉到瀑布里去):

A.小船船头垂直河岸渡河时间最短,

速度最大,最大速度为vmaxav b

B.小船轨迹沿y轴方向渡河位移最小。速度最大,最

大速度为

C.小船沿轨迹AB运动位移最大、时间最长。速度最小,最小速度vmin

D.小船沿轨迹AB运动位移最大、速度最小。最小速度vminav bbv

ab22 19.如图所示,在真空中半径为r=0.1 m的圆形区域内有垂直于纸面向外的匀强磁场及水平向左的匀强电场,磁感应强度B=0.01 T,ab和cd是两条相互垂直的直径,一束带正电的粒子流连续不断地以速度v=1×103 m/s从c点沿cd方向射入场区,粒子将沿

cd方向做直线运动,如果仅撤去磁场,带电粒子经过a点,如果撤去电场,使磁感应强度变为原来的

是:

A.电场强度的大小为10 N/C ,不计粒子重力,下列说法正确的

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